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MPEL Seminar

Computations in Riemannian space involving geodesics with their singularities and computing and visualizing singularities of dynamical systems using numerical methods based on differential geometry

Franz-Erich WolterProfessorWelfenlab, Institute of Man-Machine-Communication, Leibniz University Hannover, Germany

This talk will start with a brief overview on current research projects pursued at the speakerÂ&rquo;s lab, the Welfenlab. Thereafter, the seminar will focus on two ongoing research projects. The first project deals with computations on geodesics in Riemannian manifolds with an emphasis on singular situations caused by singularities of the geodesic exponential map. In this part of the seminar, I will present computations of focal sets, geodesic joins, medial curves and geodesic Voronoi diagrams. The second project employs some insights from the first one; in this part, I will present new differential geometry-based methods for numerical computations, analysis and visualization with respect to special singularities of dynamical systems governed by differential algebraic equations. In this context, we present an apparently new technique showing that an implicitly-defined manifold can be numerically parameterized.
Dr. F.-E. Wolter has been a full professor of computer science at Leibniz Universität Hannover (LUH) since the winter term of academic year 1994-1995, where he heads the Institute of Man-Machine-Communication and directs the Division of Computer Graphics and Geometric Modeling called Welfenlab. Before coming to Hannover, Dr. Wolter held faculty positions at the University of Hamburg (in 1994), MIT (1989-1993) and Purdue University (1987-1989). Prior to this he developed industrial expertise as a software and development engineer with AEG in Germany (1986-1987). Dr. Wolter obtained his Ph.D. in 1985 from the Department of Mathematics at the Technical University of Berlin in the area of Riemannian manifolds. In 1980 he graduated in mathematics and theoretical physics from the Free University of Berlin. At MIT, Dr. Wolter co-developed the geometric modeling system Praxiteles for the US Navy. Since then he has been publishing various papers that broke new ground applying concepts from differential geometry and topology on problems and design of new methods used in geometric modeling and CAD systems as well as shape and image analysis. This work includes pioneering contributions on medial axis theory, the computation of medial axes and Voronoi diagrams and geodesics in Riemannian space as well as pioneering work on Laplace spectra as finger prints for multi-dimensional geometric objects and images with applications in biomedical imaging. The work on Laplacian operators recently lead to computational studies on generalizations of Laplacians operating on line bundles allowing to compute eigenfunctions whose iso-surfaces yield smooth orientable and non-orientable Seifert surfaces in three-dimensional manifolds. Dr. Wolter's ongoing research on computational Riemannian geometry still pursuing issues for for computing geodesic joins, geodesic Voronoi diagrams, medial sets etc. include now formerly unsolved difficult singular situations caused by singularities of the geodesic exponential map. The latter efforts include now delicate numerical computations of conjugate loci or more general focal sets in Riemannian space. This work has been helpful for Dr. WolterÂ&rquo;s recent presentation of new methods in the context of computing, analyzing and visualizing the singular behavior of non-linear dynamical systems related to differential algebraic systems. Those new results include efficient global numeric parameterization methods for general implicitly defined manifolds, solving an apparently open global problem. During the last decade research on Virtual Reality systems with an emphasis on haptic and tactile perception has been a subject of Dr. Wolter's research in Hannover. More recently, his research includes the development of medical imaging systems and bio-mechanical simulation systems including hearing mechanics of the cochlear.

Sponsored by


Faculty Host

Ian Hiskens